Conference on Sustainable Development in Namibia in view of COP 21 “Climate change and People : the climate migration process ”
This fifth session of Park Talk, organized on October 25th at the FNCC by the French Embassy with the support of InnoSun and RMB, addressed the phenomenon of climate migration.
The Ambassador of France, H.E. Jacqueline Bassa-Mazzoni, highlighted that the Paris Agreement, which will be enacted on November, 4th, is the first international treaty acknowledging that population displacement are linked to the negative impacts of climate change, primary cause of human movement in the world. The Ambassador recalled that in Namibia, the phenomenon of migration is mostly internal, from the northern regions to the capital, thus raising the issue of the integration of these new inhabitants. While climate change creates a risk of increasing the migrations, notably due to drought, the Ambassador was optimistic regarding the solutions that can be provided. H.E. Jacqueline Bassa-Mazzoni, Ambassador of France, with Hon. Pendukeni Iivula-Ithana and Ms. Eva Mach
Hon. Pendukeni Iivula-Ithana, minister of Home Affairs and Immigration, presented a panorama of the migratory situation in Namibia and underlined that the continent is particularly impacted by climate human migration. Currently, there are 3407 refugees in the country, looking for better living conditions and economic opportunities. The minister called for global leaders to share the responsibilities about the reception of migrants as part of the fight to eradicate poverty as well as about climate change. She welcomed the efforts of Namibia, notably through the implementation in 2011 of NCC SAP (Namibian climate change strategy and action plan 2013-2020) and the signing of the Paris Agreement as part of the French presidency of COP21. Hon. Pendukeni Iivula-Ithana, minister of Home Affairs and Immigration
Ms. Eva Mach, project officer at International Organization on Migration (IOM), insisted on the complexity of climate migration : internal or external, voluntary or forced, seasonal or permanent… In 2015, migration flows due to climatic disasters (19.2 million persons) far exceeded the flows due to armed conflicts (8.2 million persons). She welcome the fact that, as part of the Paris Agreement, the INDC (intended nationally determined contribution), that reflect the State’s commitment in climate change, integrate, in 15 African countries, migratory issues. Eva Mach, project officer at IOM
These interventions prompted rich and fruitful exchanges with the audience, among which were several political figures such as the former president of the Mines and Energy Commission at the National Assembly, Ben Amathila, the Khomas region governor, the Ambassador of EU in Namibia, the Ambassador of Japan and the deputy head of mission of Turkey. Hon. Ben Amathila, former minister, during his intervention